By the time of the last of the four Vane annual events, certain limits had to be introduced to restrict the timescale for exhibitions and limit participation to regionally based artists – such were the demands on time and resources from artists wishing to take part. This resulted in a smaller number of exhibitions and events (just under sixty) and participants (just over 150) than the previous year, but the greater control resulted in the first phase of Vane's existence ending on a high point. ‘Vane2000’ also coincided with the ‘LMN’ project in Liverpool, Manchester and Newcastle (organised by Mart in Manchester), which grew from the dialogue started between artists in the three cities the previous year.

Artist and curator Graham Parker reflects on the growth of collaborative artists’ practice and groups during the late nineties in Manchester in We are not here.